CellDrift: Inferring Perturbation Responses in Temporally-sampled Single Cell Data


Cells and tissues respond to perturbations in multiple ways that can be sensitively reflected in alterations of gene expression. Current approaches to finding and quantifying the effects of perturbations on cell-level responses over time disregard the temporal consistency of identifiable gene programs. To leverage the occurrence of these patterns for perturbation analyses, we developed CellDrift (https://github.com/KANG-BIOINFO/CellDrift), a generalized linear model-based functional data analysis method capable of identifying covarying temporal patterns of various cell types in response to perturbations. As compared to several other approaches, CellDrift demonstrated superior performance in the identification of temporally varied perturbation patterns and the ability to impute missing time points. We applied CellDrift to multiple longitudinal datasets, including COVID-19 disease progression and gastrointestinal tract development, and demonstrated its ability to identify specific gene programs associated with sequential biological processes, trajectories, and outcomes.


Kang Jin, Daniel Schnell, Guangyuan Li, Nathan Salomonis, V. B. S. Prasath, ‪R. Szczesniak, B. J. Aronow. CellDrift: Inferring perturbation responses in temporally-sampled single cell data. Briefings in Bioinformatics, 23(5), September 2022. doi:10.1093/bib/bbac324

Biorxiv, April 2022. doi:10.1101/2022.04.13.488194. Code